Olive baboon
(Papio anubis)


Olive baboons are the most wide-ranging of the baboon species ranging from Sahelian woodland over southern Mauritania and Mali to the Sudan and southwards to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania. Although most groups live in savannas some can also be found in steppes, deserts and rain forests. Olive baboons live in large multi-male multi-female troops with 15 to 150 individuals. Males are dominant over females. As females are philopatric and stay in their natal groups, they are often closely related and form subgroups with their relatives. Within and between these subgroups exists a stable matrilineal hierarchy. Adult males compete for females and also have a linear dominance hierarchy. Their reproduction is promiscuous and females give birth throughout the year. Olive baboons are omnivorous, feeding on fruits, roots, leaves but also vertebrates like smaller primates and antelopes. Olive baboons are enlisted as “least concern” (IUCN Red List 2016).

Papio 1 

Papio 2